Tourism Information of Fars

Markazi Province , the medieval Iraq-i Ajam , more recently Arak - is one of the 31 provinces of Iran . The word markazi means central in Persian . In 2014 it was placed in Region 4 .

Markazi lies in western Iran . Its capital is Arak . Its population is estimated at 1.41 million . The present borders of the province date to the 1977 , when the province was split into the current Markazi and the Tehran Province , with portions being annexed by Esfahan , Semnan Province , and Zanjan .

The major cities of the province are : Saveh , Arak , Mahallat , Zarandiyeh , Khomein , Delijan , Tafresh , Ashtian , Shazand (previously known as Sarband) and Farahan .

 

History

Markazi province was part of the Median Empire in the first millennium BC , which included all of the central and western parts of modern-day Iran . The region is considered to be one of the ancient settlements on the Iranian plateau . Numerous remaining ruins testify to the antiquity of this area .

In the early centuries Islam , the name of the area was changed to Jibal or Qahestan . By the early 10th century , Khorheh had become a famous city of Jibal province , followed by Tafresh and Khomein .

In recent times , the expansion of the North-South railroad (commonly known as the Persian Corridor) and the establishing of major industries helped boost development in the area .

Many figures in Iranian history trace their beginnings to this province . namely : Mirza Abulqasem Qaem Maqam , Abbas Eqbal Ashtiani , Mirza Taqi Khan Amir Kabir , Qaem Maqam Farahani , Mahmoud Hessabi , Ayatollah Khomeini , Ayatollah Araki , and many others .

 

Counties and districts

Markazi province consists of 11 counties and 18 districts (Khondab County has been added to the counties as of 2007) .

 

Colleges and universities

1-    Arak University of Medical Sciences

2-    Iran University of Science and Technology , Arak Campus

3-    University of Arak

4-    Tafresh University

5-    Islamic Azad University of Khomein

6-    Islamic Azad University of Arak

7-    Islamic Azad University of Saveh

8-    Islamic Azad University of Farahan

9-    Islamic Azad University of Ashtian

10- Islamic Azad University of Tafresh

11- Tarbiat Moallem University of Arak

12- Energy University (Saveh)

Chal Nakhjir cave

Chal Nakhjir is a rare geological phenomenon which was recently discovered in 1989 and is located in the township of Delijan . This cave belongs to the Cenozoic period and has been formed as a result of tectonic factors and aerobic chemical reactions . It has beautiful decorative stones . The height of this cave in some places reaches over 20m . and has deep valleys in its divergent paths .
The reflection of light through prism of crystals and calcite stones , beside variable hangings from ceiling and spongy crystalic covering of the walls and flooring , create an exotic sight and ranks this cave to one of the most beautiful and outstanding caves of the world in attracting tourists . Certain characteristics such as passages , lakes , pools and columns have presented a special beauty to this cave . It is said that there is a pool of water at the end of this cave with large halls alongside . This cave is a rare and exceptional site for tourists is worth seeing .

Jameh Mosque of Saveh

The Jameh Mosque of Saveh is a Seljuk-era mosque , located in Saveh , Iran . This monument was built in the 12th century , coinciding with the establishment of the city itself .
Like so many monuments of central Iran , the Jameh Mosque of Saveh’s core is of the 12th century , and its single surviving minaret is dated in 1110 and 1061 . The proportions of its façade are also related to systems of proportion established in the 12th century , although the work itself is , apparently , of the early 16th . Recent discoveries indicate that the mosque might have been constructed on the foundations of an older mosque dating back to the 10th . Several inscriptions found in the mosque date back to the 10th century .

 

Khorheh Solooki Temple

Khurheh is a village in Khurheh Rural District , in the Central District of Mahallat County , Markazi Province , Iran . At the 2006 census , its population was 627 , in 224 families .
The village is located 12 miles (19 km) north of Mahallat , Markazi Province of Iran , with historical buildings believed to be of Parthian period . This site was first excavated by Naser al-Din Shah Qajar , on a treasure hunt . It also has an inscription on a rock that date to Seljuq Empire .

 

Chaharfasl bath museum

The said bath dates back to the Qajar period , and had two separate sections for ladies and gents . The tile-work of the clock room and spinal designed columns of this area , including the layout of the bath are interesting features . The said structure was renovated into a museum after undergoing necessary repairs .